Farming is one of the best ways for food among all sources. Still, Indian villager’s life’s based on farming.
The world’s population increasing but food production isn’t. That’s why this world experiencing food scarcity.
90% of Indian farmers are using old methods for farming because they’re uneducated. We can increase food production by using advanced farming methods.
Major types of farming in India
1. Organic farming
2. Mixed farming
3. Nomadic farming
4. Subsistence farming
5. Poultry farming
6. Commercial farming
7. Fish farming
1. Organic farming
It improves soil fertility and avoids pesticides and fertilizers for farming.
To maintain soil productivity organic farming came into existence. Farmers use natural manures and natural pest-controlling methods. Organic farming is the fastest-growing farming in India and all over the world. Now, everyone likes organic food for a healthy life.
Benefits of organic farming
- Low investment
- Higher profits than normal farming
If more than one crop is cultivated in the same field then it is called farming. Soil becomes more fertile by using mixed crop cultivation. A mixed farming system helps the farmers to produce varieties of crops as well as an increase in population.
Moving animals from one place to another place for feeding is called. Mainly kuruma’s (caste) doing this type of farming in India. Sheep’s, goats, camels, and donkeys are rearing under this type of farming. In India, kurumas rearing sheep and goat’s under this type of farming.
Subsistence Farming is nothing other than Growing food crops and rearing animals for family daily needs. Subsistence Farming gives all the goods needed for the farm family without any surplus.
Poultry farming is an agricultural system that rearing hens, ducks, and turkeys for meat and eggs. 90 percent of people likely to eat chicken and eggs except for Brahmins. Our primary source for chicken and eggs is Poultry farming. It is suitable for both rural and urban areas.
You can get higher profits with less investment in poultry farming. It gives us meat and eggs. Generally, poultry farming requires a small number of laborers.
Farming for higher profits on a large scale is called commercial farming. It includes the rearing of animals and the growing of crops. Commercial farming aims to produce more goods and they supply it in higher demand areas.
Fish farming (aquaculture) nothing than the Raising of fishes in ponds or tanks for human food.