Mushroom Farming isn’t new for India. Already some farmers are producing mushrooms in India. Farmers in Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, and Himachal Pradesh are making huge profits through mushroom farming in India. You have to gain some knowledge mushrooms start it.
Mushrooms contain high antioxidants, proteins, and minerals than other vegetables. They increase metabolism and helps to prevent breast and lung cancers. Mushrooms have many more health benefits than other vegetables—this why the U.S, Netherlands, and China are consuming more mushrooms than other countries.
There are different types of mushrooms available, but three types of mushrooms are cultivating more in India. They are
1.Paddy straw mushrooms
2. oyster or Dhingri mushrooms
3. Button mushrooms
In this article, you will learn about paddy straw mushroom farming with detailed information.
Is mushroom farming profitable in India?
Mushrooms have high demand in the local markets because farmers are not producing mushrooms as per need, so it has a reasonable price. People are also showing interest in buying mushrooms. So you can start mushroom farming in India.
Generally, mushroom farming requires little land or space, so it helps landless and small-scale farmers. So mushroom farming is profitable farming in India because it requires low investment.
How to start mushroom farming in India?
1. Get your spawn
You’ll need a spawn to start the culture. You can buy ready-to-inoculate spawn or you can produce your own spawn using a sterile culture.
You’ll also need to buy the substrate. Many growers use straw or wood chips. Straw is generally the preferred method. You want straw that can be chopped up into little pieces.
2. Prepare the substrate
You have to chop the straw into short pieces and wet the straw. Next, heat the straw in boiling water. boil it for half an hour and then remove the straw and drain it. Cooldown the straw by spreading it on a clean surface. Pack it in plastic bags
Now it’s time to pack plastic bags with the straw and spawn. Pack two or three inches of straw into the plastic bag after which flippantly sprinkle the spawn on prime. Repeat this till you’ve virtually crammed the bag, shut the highest and poke holes within the bag.
Now it’s time for incubation. maintain the growing area at around 78 degrees F. Places the bags on a shelving unit. Prevent the natural light getting into the room. Cover windows and cracks. You have to Use a red “darkroom” light while inspecting your bags. When you have noticed tiny pinhead mushrooms near the air holes in your bag, then you’re ready to move on to the next step fruiting.
For your fruiting room, you want a excessive degree of humidity. The temperature will have to be 65 to 70 levels F. Unlike the incubation room, you’ll really need quite a lot of pure gentle—at the least 12 hours a day. To shock your mycelium, which is able to pressure it into fruiting, transfer the baggage to a cool place for a day, similar to a basement or different cool place, after which transfer them again to the fruiting room. Next, lower away the bag, which permits mushroom progress to happen.
Just earlier than your mushroom caps are absolutely uncurled, that’s when it’s time to reap. To accomplish that, twist the stem off as close to to the rising block as you’ll be able to. You’ve now harvested your mushrooms.